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A Scanning 2-Grating Free Electron Mach-Zehnder Interferometer
preprintposted on 2023-01-11, 22:35 authored by Cameron W. Johnson, Amy E. Turner, Benjamin J. McMorran
We demonstrate a 2-grating free electron Mach-Zehnder interferometer constructed in a transmission electron microscope. A symmetric binary phase grating and condenser lens system forms two spatially separated, focused probes at the sample which can be scanned while maintaining alignment. The two paths interfere at a second grating, creating in constructive or destructive interference in output beams. This interferometer has many notable features: positionable probe beams, large path separations relative to beam width, continuously tunable relative phase between paths, and real-time phase information. Here we use the electron interferometer to measure the relative phase shifts imparted to the electron probes by electrostatic potentials as well as a demonstration of quantitative nanoscale phase imaging of a polystyrene latex nanoparticle.