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# A Supersymmetric Approach to the Problem of Micro-bending Attenuation in Optical Waveguides

preprint

posted on 2023-01-12, 13:43 authored by Stuart Ward, Rouzbeh Allahverdi, Arash MafiMicro-bending is a well-known source of loss in optical waveguides. By treating the micro-bending as a stochastic process, the problem of loss mitigation can be modeled in terms of a Fokker-Planck equation. Given an initial refractive index profile, and taking micro-bending into account, we develop a formalism to derive a new refractive index profile which potentially results in less loss. Our formalism is based on applying the techniques of Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics to a Fokker-Planck equation that is associated with a particular refractive index profile. We derive a non-linear differential equation, whose solutions determine whether an index profile can undergo a supersymmetric transformation that results in less loss. As an explicit example, we consider a monomial index profile. We show that there exists a range of values for the monomial exponent which results in the new index profile having less loss.