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A perspective on meta-boundaries
preprintposted on 2023-01-10, 03:10 authored by Xinyan Zhang, Jialin Chen, Ruoxi Chen, Chan Wang, Tong Cai, Hongsheng Chen, Xiao Lin
The judicious design of electromagnetic boundary provides a crucial route to control light-matter interactions, and it is thus fundamental to basic science and practical applications. General design approaches rely on the manipulation of bulk properties of superstrate or substrate and on the modification of boundary geometries. Due to the recent advent of metasurfaces and low-dimensional materials, the boundary can be flexibly featured with a surface conductivity, which can be rather complex but provide an extra degree of freedom to regulate the propagation of light. In this perspective, we denote the boundary with a non-zero surface conductivity as the meta-boundary. The meta-boundaries are categorized into four types, namely isotropic, anisotropic, biisotropic and bianisotropic meta-boundaries, according to the electromagnetic boundary conditions. Accordingly, the latest development for these four kinds of meta-boundaries are reviewed. Finally, an outlook on the research tendency of meta-boundaries is provided, particularly on the manipulation of light-matter interactions by simultaneously exploiting meta-boundaries and metamaterials.