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A practical guide to electromagnetically induced transparency in atomic vapor

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posted on 2023-03-23, 16:00 authored by Ran Finkelstein, Samir Bali, Ofer Firstenberg, Irina Novikova
This tutorial introduces the theoretical and experimental basics of Electromagnetically Induced Transparency (EIT) in thermal alkali vapors. We first introduce a brief phenomenological description of EIT in simple three-level systems of stationary atoms and derive analytical expressions for optical transmission and dispersion under EIT conditions. Then we focus on how the thermal motion of atoms affects various parameters of the EIT system. Specifically, we analyze the Doppler broadening of optical transitions, ballistic versus diffusive atomic motion in a limited-volume interaction region, and collisional depopulation and decoherence. Finally, we discuss the common trade-offs important for optimizing an EIT experiment and give a brief "walk-through" of a typical EIT experimental setup. We conclude with a brief overview of current and potential EIT applications.



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