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A study of the limits of imaging capability due to water scattering effects in underwater ghost imaging
preprintposted on 2023-06-08, 13:05 authored by Yuliang Li, Mingliang Chen, Jinquan Qi, Chenjin Deng, Longkun Du, Zunwang Bo, Chang Han, Zhihua Mao, Yan He, Xuehui Shao, Shensheng Han
Underwater ghost imaging is an effective means of underwater detection. In this paper, a theoretical and experimental study of underwater ghost imaging is carried out by combining the description of underwater optical field transmission with the inherent optical parameters of the water body. This paper utilizes the Wells model and the approximate S-S scattering phase function to create a model for optical transmission underwater. The second-order Glauber function of the optical field is then employed to analyze the scattering field's degradation during the transmission process. This analysis is used to evaluate the impact of the water body on ghost imaging. The simulation and experimental results verify that the proposed underwater ghost imaging model can better describe the degradation effect of water bodies on ghost imaging. A series of experiments comparing underwater ghost imaging at different detection distances are also carried out in this paper. In the experiments, cooperative targets can be imaged up to 65.2m (9.3AL, at attenuation coefficient c=0.1426m-1 and the scattering coefficient b=0.052m-1) and non-cooperative targets up to 41.2m (6.4AL, at c=0.1569m-1 and b=0.081m-1) . By equating the experimental maximum imaged attenuation length for cooperative targets to Jerlov-I water (b=0.002m-1 and a=0.046m-1), the system will have a maximum imaging distance of 193m. Underwater ghost imaging is expected to achieve longer-range imaging by optimizing the system emission energy and detection sensitivity.