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A variable partially-polarizing beam splitter
preprintposted on 2023-11-30, 17:22 authored by Jefferson Flórez, Nathan J. Carlson, Codey H. Nacke, Lambert Giner, Jeff S. Lundeen
We present designs for variably polarizing beam splitters. These are beam splitters allowing the complete and independent control of the horizontal and vertical polarization splitting ratios. They have quantum optics and quantum information applications, such as quantum logic gates for quantum computing and non-local measurements for quantum state estimation. At the heart of each design is an interferometer. We experimentally demonstrate one particular implementation, a displaced Sagnac interferometer configuration, that provides an inherent instability to air currents and vibrations. Furthermore, this design does not require any custom-made optics but only common components which can be easily found in an optics laboratory.