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Actively tunable slow light in a terahertz hybrid metal-graphene metamaterial
preprintposted on 2023-11-30, 05:53 authored by Tingting Liu, Chaobiao Zhou, Le Cheng, Xiaoyun Jiang, Guangzhao Wang, Chen Xu, Shuyuan Xiao
We theoretically and numerically demonstrate an actively tunable slow light in a hybrid metal-graphene metamaterial in the terahertz (THz) regime. In the unit cell, the near field coupling between the metallic elements including the bright cut wire resonator and the dark double split-ring resonator gives rises to a pronounced transmission peak. By positioning a monolayer graphene under the dark mode resonator, an active modulation of the near field coupling is achieved via shifting the Fermi level of graphene. The physical origin can be attributed to the variation in the damping rate of the dark mode resonator arising from the conductive effect of graphene. Accompanied with the actively tunable near filed coupling effect is the dynamically controllable phase dispersion, allowing for the highly tunable slow light effect. This work offers an alternative way to design compact slow light devices in the THz regime for future optical signal processing applications.