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Angular momentum transfer from swift electrons to non-spherical nanoparticles within the dipolar approximation

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Version 2 2024-03-15, 16:00
Version 1 2024-03-12, 16:00
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posted on 2024-03-15, 16:00 authored by Jorge Luis Briseño-Gómez, Atzin López-Tercero, José Ángel Castellanos-Reyes, Alejandro Reyes-Coronado
In this work, we study the angular momentum transfer from a single swift electron to non-spherical metallic nanoparticles, specifically investigating spheroidal and polyhedral (Platonic Solids) shapes. While previous research has predominantly focused on spherical nanoparticles, our work expands the knowledge by exploring various geometries. Employing classical electrodynamics and the small particle limit, we calculate the angular momentum transfer by integrating the spectral density, ensuring causality through Fourier-transform analysis. Our findings demonstrate that prolate spheroidal nanoparticles exhibit a single blueshifted plasmonic resonance, compared to spherical nanoparticles of equivalent volume, resulting in lower angular momentum transfer. Conversely, oblate nanoparticles display two resonances (one blueshifted and one redshifted) resulting in a higher angular momentum transfer than their spherical counterparts. Additionally, Platonic Solids with fewer faces exhibit significant redshifts in plasmonic resonances, leading to higher angular momentum transfer due to edge effects. We also observe resonances and angular momentum transfers with similar characteristics in specific pairs of Platonic Solids, known as duals. These results highlight promising applications, particularly in electron tweezers technology.

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