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Berry connection induced anomalous wave-packet dynamics in non-Hermitian systems

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posted on 2023-11-30, 19:44 authored by Navot Silberstein, Jan Behrends, Moshe Goldstein, Roni Ilan
Berry phases strongly affect the properties of crystalline materials, giving rise to modifications of the semiclassical equations of motion that govern wave-packet dynamics. In non-Hermitian systems, generalizations of the Berry connection have been analyzed to characterize the topology of these systems. While the topological classification of non-Hermitian systems is being developed, little attention has been paid to the impact of the new geometric phases on dynamics and transport. In this work, we derive the full set of semiclassical equations of motion for wave-packet dynamics in a system governed by a non-Hermitian Hamiltonian, including corrections induced by the Berry connection. We show that non-Hermiticity is manifested in anomalous weight rate and velocity terms that are present already in one-dimensional systems, in marked distinction from the Hermitian case. We express the anomalous weight and velocity in terms of the Berry connections defined in the space of left and right eigenstates and compare the analytical results with numerical lattice simulations. Our work specifies the conditions for observing the anomalous contributions to the semiclassical dynamics and thereby paves the way to their experimental detection, which should be within immediate reach in currently available metamaterials.

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