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Bifunctional Luneburg-fisheye Lens Based on the Manipulation of Spoof Surface Plasmons

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posted on 2023-11-30, 21:06 authored by Jin Zhao, Yi-Dong Wang, Li-Zheng Yin, Feng-Yuan Han, Tie-Jun Huang, Pu-Kun Liu
Manipulation of spoof surface plasmons (SSPs) has recently intrigued enormous interest due to the capability of guiding waves with subwavelength footsteps. However, most of the previous studies, manifested for a single functionality, are not suitable for multifunctional integrated devices. Herein, a bifunctional Luneburg-fisheye lens is proposed based on a two-dimension metal pillar array. Firstly, by tuning the geometric dimension of the metal pillars in the array, its ability to precisely manipulate the excited SSPs along one direction is confirmed, achieving subwavelength focusing and imaging with the resolution up to 0.14 times the wavelength. Then, separately controlling the propagation of the SSPs along the orthotropic directions is further implemented, and the bifunctional Luneburg-fisheye lens is realized. The bifunctional lens is characterized as a Luneburg one along the x-axis, whereas in the y-axis, it presents the properties of a Maxwell fisheye lens. The experimental results almost immaculately match with the simulation ones. This bifunctional lens can validly reduce the system complexity and exert flexibility in multifunctional applications, while the proposed metal pillar-based design method broadens the application range of gradient refractive-index lens in the microwaves, terahertz, and even optical ranges.

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