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Boundary-Induced Embedded Eigenstate in a Single Resonator for Advanced Sensing

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posted on 2023-01-11, 22:12 authored by Rasmus E. Jacobsen, Alex Krasnok, Samel Arslanagic, Andrei V. Lavrinenko, Andrea Alu
Electromagnetic embedded eigenstates, also known as bound states in the continuum (BICs), hold a great potential for applications in sensing, lasing, enhanced nonlinearities and energy harvesting. However, their demonstrations so far have been limited to large-area periodic arrays of suitably tailored elements, with fundamental restrictions on the overall footprint and performance in presence of inevitable disorder. In this work, we demonstrate a BIC localized in a single subwavelength resonator obtained by suitably tailoring the boundaries around it, enabling a new degree of control for on-demand symmetry breaking. We experimentally demonstrate how boundary-induced BICs open exciting opportunities for sensing by tracing the dissolution of NaCl in water, determining evaporation rates of distilled and saltwater with a resolution of less than 1e-6 L using a tabletop experimental setup.



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