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Bounds on the Quality-factor of Two-phase Quasi-static Metamaterial Resonators and Optimal Microstructure Designs

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posted on 2023-04-21, 16:01 authored by Kshiteej J. Deshmukh, Graeme W. Milton
Material resonances are fundamentally important in the field of nano-photonics and optics. So it is of great interest to know what are the limits to which they can be tuned. The bandwidth of the resonances in materials is an important feature which is commonly characterized by using the quality (Q) factor. We present bounds on the quality factor of two-phase quasi-static metamaterial resonators evaluated at a given resonant frequency by introducing an alternative definition for the Q-factor in terms of the complex effective permittivity of the composite material. Optimal metamaterial microstrcuture designs achieving points on these bounds are presented. The most interesting optimal microstructure, is a limiting case of doubly coated ellipsoids that attains points on the lower bound. We also obtain bounds on Q for three dimensional, isotropic, and fixed volume fraction two-phase quasi-static metamaterials. Some almost optimal isotropic microstructure geometries are identified.

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