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Brillouin Backaction Thermometry for Modal Temperature Control

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posted on 2023-01-12, 15:39 authored by Yu-Hung Lai, Zhiquan Yuan, Myoung-Gyun Suh, Yu-Kun Lu, Heming Wang, Kerry J. Vahala
Stimulated Brillouin scattering provides optical gain for efficient and narrow-linewidth lasers in high-Q microresonator systems. However, the thermal dependence of the Brillouin process, as well as the microresonator, impose strict temperature control requirements for long-term frequency-stable operation. Here, we study Brillouin back action and use it to both measure and phase-sensitively lock modal temperature to a reference temperature defined by the Brillouin phase-matching condition. At a specific lasing wavelength, the reference temperature can be precisely set by adjusting resonator free spectral range. This backaction control method is demonstrated in a chip-based Brillouin laser, but can be applied in all Brillouin laser platforms. It offers a new approach for frequency-stable operation of Brillouin lasers in atomic clock, frequency metrology, and gyroscope applications.

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