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Broad-Angle Multichannel Metagrating Diffusers

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posted on 2023-01-12, 16:12 authored by Yarden Yashno, Ariel Epstein
We present a semianalytical scheme for the design of broad-angle multichannel metagratings (MG), sparse periodic arrangements of loaded conducting strips (meta-atoms), embedded in a multilayer printed circuit board configuration. By judicious choice of periodicity and angles of incidence, scattering off such a MG can be described via a multi-port network, where the input and output ports correspond to different illumination and reflection directions associated with the same set of propagating Floquet-Bloch modes. Since each of these possible scattering scenarios can be modelled analytically, constraints can be conveniently applied on the modal reflection coefficients (scattering matrix entries) to yield a diffusive response, which, when resolved, produce the required MG geometry. We show that by demanding a symmetric MG configuration, the number of independent S parameters can be dramatically reduced, enabling satisfaction of multiple such constraints using a single sparse MG. Without any full-wave optimization, this procedure results in a fabrication-ready layout of a multichannel MG, enabling retroreflection suppression and diffusive scattering from numerous angles of incidence simultaneously. This concept, verified experimentally via a five-channel prototype, offers an innovative solution to both monostatic and bistatic radar cross section reduction, avoiding design and implementation challenges associated with dense metasurfaces used for this purpose.

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