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Broadband Light Harvesting from Scalable Two-Dimensional Semiconductor Heterostructures

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posted on 2024-07-10, 16:00 authored by Da Lin, Jason Lynch, Sudong Wang, Zekun Hu, Rajeev Kumar Rai, Huairuo Zhang, Chen Chen, Shalini Kumari, Eric Stach, Albert V. Davydov, Joan M. Redwing, Deep Jariwala
Broadband absorption in the visible spectrum is essential in optoelectronic applications that involve power conversion such as photovoltaics and photocatalysis. Most ultrathin broadband absorbers use parasitic plasmonic structures that maximize absorption using surface plasmons and/or Fabry-Perot cavities, which limits the weight efficiency of the device. Here, we show the theoretical and experimental realization of an unpatterned/planar semiconductor thin-film absorber based on monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs). We experimentally demonstrate an average total absorption in the visible range (450 nm - 700 nm) of > 70% using > 4 nm of semiconductor absorbing materials scalable over large areas with vapor phase growth techniques. Our analysis suggests that a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 15.54% and a specific power > 300 W g^-1 may be achieved in a photovoltaic cell based on this metamaterial absorber.

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