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Broadband enhanced chirality with tunable response in hybrid plasmonic helical metamaterials

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posted on 2023-01-11, 21:55 authored by Ufuk Kilic, Matthew Hilfiker, Alexander Ruder, Rene Feder, Eva Schubert, Mathias Schubert, Christos Argyropoulos
Designing broadband enhanced chirality is of strong interest to the emerging fields of chiral chemistry and sensing, or to control the spin orbital momentum of photons in recently introduced nanophotonic chiral quantum and classical optical applications. However, chiral light-matter interactions have an extremely weak nature, are difficult to be controlled and enhanced, and cannot be made tunable or broadband. In addition, planar ultrathin nanophotonic structures to achieve strong, broadband, and tunable chirality at the technologically important visible to ultraviolet spectrum still remain elusive. Here, we tackle these important problems by experimentally demonstrating and theoretically verifying spectrally tunable, extremely large, and broadband chiroptical response by nanohelical metamaterials. The reported new designs of all-dielectric and dielectric-metallic (hybrid) plasmonic metamaterials permit the largest and broadest ever measured chiral Kuhn dissymmetry factor achieved by a large-scale nanophotonic structure. In addition, the strong circular dichroism of the presented bottom-up fabricated optical metamaterials can be tuned by varying their dimensions and proportions between their dielectric and plasmonic helical subsections. The currently demonstrated ultrathin optical metamaterials are expected to provide a substantial boost to the developing field of chiroptics leading to significantly enhanced and broadband chiral light-matter interactions at the nanoscale.

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