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Broadband three-mode converter and multiplexer based on cascaded symmetric Y-junctions and subwavelength engineered MMI and phase shifters

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posted on 2023-02-01, 05:00 authored by David González-Andrade, Irene Olivares, Raquel Fernández de Cabo, Jaime Vilas, Antonio Dias, Aitor V. Velasco
Mode-division multiplexing has emerged as a promising route for increasing transmission capacity while maintaining the same level of on-chip integration. Despite the large number of on-chip mode converters and multiplexers reported for the silicon-on-insulator platform, scaling the number of multiplexed modes is still a critical challenge. In this paper, we present a novel three-mode architecture based on multimode interference couplers, passive phase shifters and cascaded symmetric Y-junctions. This architecture can readily operate up to the third-order mode by including a single switchable phase shifter. Moreover, we exploit subwavelength grating metamaterials to overcome bandwidth limitations of multimode interference couplers and phase shifters, resulting in a simulated bandwidth of 161 nm with insertion loss and crosstalk below 1.18 dB and -20 dB, respectively.

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