arXiv.svg (5.58 kB)
Carrier-Suppressed Multiple Single-Sideband Laser Source for Atom Cooling and Interferometry
preprintposted on 2023-01-10, 02:20 authored by S. Templier, J. Hauden, P. Cheiney, F. Napolitano, H. Porte, P. Bouyer, B. Barrett, B. Battelier
We present a new electro-optic modulation technique that enables a single laser diode to realize a cold-atom source and a quantum inertial sensor based on matter-wave interferometry. Using carrier-suppressed dual single-sideband modulation, an IQ modulator generates two optical sidebands from separate radio-frequency (rf) signals. These sidebands are controlled independently in frequency, phase, and power using standard rf components. Our laser source exhibits improved rejection of parasitic sidebands compared to those based on phase modulators, which generate large systematic shifts in atom interferometers. We measure the influence of residual laser lines on an atom-interferometric gravimeter and show agreement with a theoretical model. We estimate a reduction of the systematic shift by two orders of magnitude compared to previous architectures, and reach a long-term sensitivity of 15 ng on the gravitational acceleration with an interrogation time of only T = 20 ms. Finally, we characterize the performance of our integrated laser system, and show that it is suitable for mobile sensing applications including gravity surveys and inertial navigation.