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Chiral-Gain Photonics

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posted on 2024-05-28, 16:00 authored by Sylvain Lannebère, David E. Fernandes, Tiago A. Morgado, Mário G. Silveirinha
Here, we present an exploratory study of the potential applications of electrically biased materials that possess a nonreciprocal and non-Hermitian electromagnetic response analogous to the electronic response of field-effect transistors. The most distinctive feature of such materials is their chiral-gain, meaning that their response can be active or dissipative depending on the handedness of the wave polarization. Here, we show how the chiral-gain can be harnessed to develop novel electromagnetic devices with unique properties such as chiral lasers, polarization-dependent mirrors, and coherent-perfect-absorber lasers. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that materials with chiral-gain can bypass a reciprocity constraint that typically limits the external coupling strength, thus facilitating the excitation of cavities with extremely large quality factors.

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