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Chiral Multi-layer Waveguides Incorporating Graphene Sheets: An Analytical Approach
preprintposted on 2023-01-11, 22:05 authored by Mohammad Bagher Heydari, Mohammad Hashem Vadjed Samiei
This paper presents a novel analytical model for chiral multi-layer waveguides incorporating graphene sheets. The general structure is composed of various chiral layers, where a graphene sheet has been sandwiched between two adjacent chiral layers. We have chosen and studied this general structure to suggest a new platform for novel emerging sciences such as optical sensing. An analytical model has been proposed for the general structure to find its dispersion relation and other modal properties such as the effective index and the propagation length. To show the richness of our general structure, two novel chiral waveguides containing graphene sheets have been introduced and investigated. Our analytical results show that high values of effective indices, e.g. neff=15 at the frequency of 8 THz for the second structure, is achievable. Moreover, it has been shown that the chemical potential of the graphene and the chirality can adjust and control the plasmonic features. Our multi-layer structure and its analytical model can be utilized in several potential applications such as switches, absorbers, cloaks, polarization rotators, and directional couplers in the THz frequencies.