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Chiral selection rules for multi-photon processes in two-dimensional honeycomb materials

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posted on 2023-11-30, 17:55 authored by Jingxin Cheng, Di Huang, Tao Jiang, Yuwei Shan, Yingguo Li, Shiwei Wu, Wei-Tao Liu
We examined the chirality dependent optical selection rules in two-dimensional monolayer materials with the honeycomb lattice, and based on symmetry argument, we generalized these rules to multi-photon transitions of arbitrary orders. We also presented the phase relations between incident and outgoing photons in such processes. The results agreed nicely with our experimental observations of second and third harmonic generations. In particular, we demonstrated that the phase relation of chiral second harmonic generation can serve as a handy tool for imaging domains and domain boundaries of these monolayers. Our results can benefit future studies on chirality related optical phenomena and opto-electronic applications of such materials.

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