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Chiral standing waves and its trapping force on chiral particles

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posted on 2023-11-29, 05:01 authored by Tianhang Zhang, M. R. C. Mahdy, Shadman Sajid Dewan, Md. Nayem Hossain, Hamim Mahmud Rivy, Nabila Masud, Ziaur Rahman Jony
Up to now, in the literature of optical manipulation, optical force due to chirality usually coexists with the non-chiral force and the chiral force usually takes a very small portion of the total force. In this work, we investigate a case where the optical force exerted on an object is purely due to the chirality while there is zero force on non-chiral object. We find that a trapping force arises on chiral particles when it is placed in a field consisted of two orthogonally polarized counter-propagating plane waves. We have revealed the underlying physics of this force by modeling the particle as a chiral diploe and analytically study the optical force. We find besides chirality; the trapping force is also closely related to the dual electric-magnetic symmetry of field and dual asymmetry of material. We also demonstrate that the proposed idea is not restricted to dipolar chiral objects only. Chiral Mie objects can also be trapped based on the technique proposed in this article. Notably, such chiral trapping forces have been found robust by varying several parameters throughout the investigation. This trapping force may find applications in identifying object's chirality and the selective trapping of chiral objects.

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