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Circle-shaped Transformation Cavity via Center-Shift M\"obius Transfomation

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posted on 2023-11-30, 20:11 authored by Jinhang Cho, Inbo Kim, Sunghwan Rim, Jung-Wan Ryu, Yong-Hun Lee, Muhan Choi
Circle-shaped transformation cavities of shifted center are the most simple transformation cavities in the sense that they have only spatial index variation without boundary shape deformation. For these cavities, we analyze the characteristics of conformal whispering gallery modes according to center-shift coordinate transformation. For this study, we use an alternative scheme for designing a transformation cavity without using a shrinking parameter that is needed to satisfy total internal reflection condition. It is observed that the isotropic emission of whispering gallery modes in the uniform index circular cavity changes to the bi-directional emission of conformal whispering gallery modes as the center-shift increases. Also, using a purity factor that quantitatively measures in RV space the degree of intactness for the internal wave pattern of resonant modes in transformation cavities compared with corresponding whispering gallery mode in uniform disk cavity, we show that the conformal whispering gallery modes in the circle-shaped transformation cavity has not only directionality but also high persistence for characteristics of whispering gallery modes.

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