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Coherent Acoustic Phonons in Plasmonic Nanoparticles: Elastic Properties and Dissipation at Low Temperatures

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posted on 2024-07-10, 16:01 authored by Hilario D. Boggiano, Thomas Possmayer, Luis Morguet, Lin Nan, Luca Sortino, Stefan A. Maier, Emiliano Cortés, Gustavo Grinblat, Andrea V. Bragas, Leonardo de S. Menezes
We studied the frequency and quality factor of mechanical plasmonic nanoresonators as a function of temperature, ranging from ambient to 4 K. Our investigation focused on individual gold nanorods and nanodisks of various sizes. We observed that oscillation frequencies increase linearly as temperature decreases until saturation is reached at cryogenic temperatures. This behavior is explained by the temperature dependence of the elastic modulus, with a Debye temperature compatible with reported bulk values for gold. To describe the behavior of the quality factor, we developed a model considering the nanostructures as anelastic solids, identifying a dissipation peak around 150 K due to a thermally activated process, likely of the Niblett-Wilks mechanism type. Importantly, our findings suggest that external dissipation factors are more critical to improving quality factors than internal friction, which can be increased by modifying the nanoresonator's environment. Our results enable the design of structures with high vibration frequencies and quality factors by effectively controlling external losses.

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