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Compact Dual-Polarization Silicon Integrated Couplers for Multicore Fibers
preprintposted on 2023-01-11, 22:03 authored by Julian L. Pita Ruiz, Lucas G. Rocha, Jun Yang, Sukru Ekin Kocabas, Ming-Jun Li, Ivan Aldaya, Paulo Dainese, Lucas H. Gabrielli
Compact fiber-to-chip couplers play an important role in optical interconnections, especially in data centers. However, the development of couplers has been mostly limited to standard single mode fibers, with few devices compatible with multicore and multimode fibers. Through the use of state-of-the-art optimization algorithms, we designed a compact dual-polarization coupler to interface chips and dense multicore fibers, demonstrating, for the first time, coupling to both polarizations of all the cores, with measured coupling efficiency of $-$4.3 dB and with a 3 dB bandwidth of 48 nm. The dual-polarization coupler has footprint of 200 $\mu m^2$ per core, which makes it the smallest fiber-to-chip coupler experimentally demonstrated on a standard silicon-on-insulator platform.