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Comparative Analysis of THz Signal Emission from SiO$_2$/CoFeB/Metal Heterostructures: Wideband and High-Frequency THz Signal Advantage of PtBi-based Emitter

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posted on 2023-07-07, 16:01 authored by Tristan Joachim Winkel, Tahereh Sadat Parvini, Finn-Frederik Stiewe, Jakob Walowski, Farshad Moradi, Markus Münzenberg
Spintronic THz emitters have attracted much attention due to their desirable properties, such as affordability, ultra-wideband capability, high efficiency, and tunable polarization. In this study, we investigate the characteristics of THz signals, including their frequency, bandwidth, and amplitude, emitted from a series of heterostructures with ferromagnetic (FM) and nonmagnetic (NM) materials. The FM layer consists of a wedge-shaped CoFeB layer with a thickness of 0 to 5 nm, while the NM materials include various metals such as Pt, Au, W, Ru, Pt$_{\�}$Bi$_{\%8}$, and Ag$_{\�}$Bi$_{\?}$ alloys. Our experiments show that the emitter with Pt-NM layer has the highest amplitude of the emitted THz signal. However, the PtBi-based emitter exhibits a higher central THz peak and wider bandwidth, making it a promising candidate for broadband THz emitters. These results pave the way for further exploration of the specific compositions of Pt$_{1-x}$Bi$_{x}$ for THz emitter design, especially with the goal of generating higher frequency and wider bandwidth THz signals. These advances hold significant potential for applications in various fields such as high-resolution imaging, spectroscopy, communications, medical diagnostics, and more.

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