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Comparative Study of Semiconductors for Terahertz Generation by Nonlinear Optical Process: An Overview
preprintposted on 2023-03-20, 16:00 authored by Fauzul Rizal
This study investigates different type of semiconductor crystals including assessing several physical characteristics and relevant parameters, which are refraction index, multiphoton absorption coefficient, electro-optic coefficient, nonlinear coefficient, phase tilting angle, and figure of merit, and mapping them for a comparison to look into options which can be promising alternative efficient sources for Terahertz (THz) generation due to the increasing day to day demand for the efficient sources. The Zinc blende Semiconductor Crystals (ZnTe, ZnSe, GaP, GaAs, and CdTe) as well as newly introduced elemental semiconductors (Selenium and Tellurium) are examined. In this study, we aimed to combine literature review to gather the scattered data about optical properties of semiconductor materials introduced here as well as theoretical calculations. Some of the missing data that is not available from previous research or literature will be calculated and modelled here based on the dielectric function and intrinsic properties of the abovementioned semiconductors. It is discovered that at a higher pumping wavelength, Selenium crystal will make the most promising source for terahertz generation due to its properties compared with the other materials assessed in this study. These freshly introduced semiconductors with different pumping conditions can lead to an optimistic view for the unprecedented efficiencies.