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Control of Structured Light Enables Nearly Perfect Noise-filtering
preprintposted on 2023-11-30, 18:57 authored by Jian-Dong Zhang, Zi-Jing Zhang, Long-Zhu Cen, Bin Luo, Chenglong You, Omar S. Magaña-Loaiza, Yi-Fei Sun, Lu Xu, Long Wu, Yuan Zhao
The performance of laser-based active sensing has been severely limited by two types of noise: electrical noise, stemming from elements; optical noise, laser jamming from an eavesdropper and background from environment. Conventional methods to filter optical noise take advantage of the differences between signal and noise in time, wavelength, and polarization. However, they may be limited when the noise and signal share the same information on these degrees of freedoms (DoFs). In order to overcome this drawback, we experimentally demonstrate a groundbreaking noise-filtering method by controlling orbital angular momentum (OAM) to distinguish signal from noise. We provide a proof-of-principle experiment and discuss the dependence of azimuthal index of OAM and detection aperture on signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Our results suggest that using OAM against noise is an efficient method, offering a new route to optical sensing immersed in high-level noise.