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Controllable multiple beam splitting in Hermitian and non-Hermitian symmetric coupled waveguide systems
preprintposted on 2023-01-10, 02:27 authored by Fu-Quan Dou, Ya-Ting Wei, Min-Peng Han, Jian-An Sun
We investigate high-fidelity multiple beam splitting in Hermitian and non-Hermitian symmetric coupled waveguides with one input and 2N output waveguide channels. In Hermitian systems, we realize adiabatically light splitting in resonant case based on the stimulated Raman adiabatic passage (STIRAP) and arbitrary proportion from the middle waveguide to outer waveguides in propagation coefficients mismatch case using shortcuts to adiabaticity (STA) technique. In non-Hermitian systems with even waveguides being dissipative, the compact and robust beam splitting can be achieved by eliminating the non-adiabatic coupling via the non-Hermitian STA method. We further verify the feasibility of our theoretical predictions by means of the beam propagation method (BPM). The suggested multiple beam splitters open new opportunities for the realization of on-chip high-bandwidth photonics with high fidelity in short distances.