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Creating high-contrast patterns in multiple-scattering media via wavefront shaping
preprintposted on 2023-08-09, 16:00 authored by Liam Shaughnessy, Rohin E. McIntosh, Arthur Goetschy, Chia Wei Hsu, Nicholas Bender, Hasan Yilmaz, Alexey Yamilov, Hui Cao
Wavefront shaping allows focusing light through or inside strongly scattering media, but the background intensity also increases due to long-range correlations, reducing the target's contrast. By manipulating non-local intensity correlations of scattered waves in a disordered system with input wavefront shaping, we create high-contrast patterns behind strongly scattering media and targeted energy delivery into a diffusive system with minimal change in the surrounding intensity. These are achieved by introducing the contrast operator and the difference operator, and utilizing their eigenstates to maximize the target-to-background intensity contrast and energy difference. This work opens the door to coherent control of non-local effects in wave transport for practical applications.