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Cross-grating phase microscopy for nanophotonics
preprintposted on 2023-01-12, 14:48 authored by Guillaume Baffou
Quantitative phase microscopies (QPMs) have been mainly used for applications in cell biology, for around 2 decades. In this article, we show how cross-grating phase microscopy (CGM), a high-resolution, high-sensitivity QPM, recently expanded the scope of QPMs to applications in nanophotonics. In particular, this article explains how the intensity and phase images acquired by CGM can be processed to determine all the optical properties of imaged nanoparticles, 2D-materials and metasurfaces. We also explain how CGM can be used as a temperature microscopy technique. This latter imaging modality led to a large variety of works in the 2010s based on the optical heating of plasmonic nanoparticles for photothermal studies in physics, chemistry and biology at the microscale, in which label-free, microscale temperature measurements were pivotal.