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Cross-polarization extinction enhancement and spin-orbit coupling of light for quantum-dot cavity-QED spectroscopy

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posted on 2023-02-14, 23:40 authored by P. Steindl, J. A. Frey, J. Norman, J. E. Bowers, D. Bouwmeester, W. Löffler
Resonant laser spectroscopy is essential for the characterization, operation, and manipulation of single quantum systems such as semiconductor quantum dots. The separation of the weak resonance fluorescence from the excitation laser is key for high-quality single- and entangled photon sources. This is often achieved by cross-polarization laser extinction, which is limited by the quality of the optical elements. Recently, it was discovered that Fresnel-reflection birefringence in combination with single-mode filtering counteracting spin-orbit coupling effects enables a three-order of magnitude improvement of polarization extinction [PRX 11, 021007 (2021)]. Here, we first investigate multiple reflections and analyze beam reshaping, and observe that the single-reflection extinction enhancement is optimal. We then demonstrate this method for cross-polarization extinction enhancement for a resonantly excited semiconductor quantum dot in a birefringent optical micro cavity, and observe a 10x improvement of single-photon contrast.

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