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Cross density of states and mode connectivity: Probing wave localization in complex media

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posted on 2023-11-30, 06:00 authored by Antoine Canaguier-Durand, Romain Pierrat, Rémi Carminati
We introduce the mode connectivity as a measure of the number of eigenmodes of a wave equation connecting two points at a given frequency. Based on numerical simulations of scattering of electromagnetic waves in disordered media, we show that the connectivity discriminates between the diffusive and the Anderson localized regimes. For practical measurements, the connectivity is encoded in the second-order coherence function characterizing the intensity emitted by two incoherent classical or quantum dipole sources. The analysis applies to all processes in which spatially localized modes build up, and to all kinds of waves.

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