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Dark and bright autoionizing states in resonant high harmonic generation: simulation via 1D helium model

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posted on 2023-01-10, 03:27 authored by V. V. Strelkov
We study the role of dark and bright autoionizing states (AIS) in photoionization and high harmonic generation (HHG) using a 1D helium model. This model allows numerical integration of the time-dependent Schr\"odinger equation beyond the singe-electron approximation completely taking into account electronic correlation. We find the level structure of the system and the spatial distribution of the electronic density for several states including AIS. Studying the HHG efficiency as a function of the detuning from the resonances with AIS we find the HHG enhancement lines. The shapes of these lines are different from the corresponding Fano lines in the photoelectronic spectra, in agreement with the experimental studies in helium. Moreover, we simulate HHG under the conditions when the fundamental frequency is close to the even-order multiphoton resonance with the dark AIS. We find the enhanced generation of the neighbouring odd harmonics. The details of the enhancement lines for these harmonics can be understood taking into account the temporal delay between the emission of the non-resonant and resonant XUV; this delay is defined by the AIS lifetime. Finally, our simulations show that the HHG enhancement due to the dark and the bright AIS is comparable in the studied system.

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