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Degenerate spontaneous parametric down-conversion in nonlinear metasurfaces

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posted on 2023-11-18, 17:01 authored by Tetsuyuki Ochiai
We propose a simple scheme of degenerate spontaneous parametric down-conversion (SPDC) in nonlinear metasurfaces or photonic crystal slabs with quasi-guided modes. It employs a band crossing between P- and S-polarized quasi-guided mode bands inside the light cone and a selection rule in the conversion efficiency of the SPDC. The efficiency can be evaluated fully classically via the inverse process of noncollinear second-harmonic generation (SHG). As a toy model, we study the SPDC and SHG in a monolayer of noncentrosymmetric spheres and confirm that the scenario works well to enhance the SPDC.

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