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Demonstration of fully integrated parity-time-symmetric electronics

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posted on 2023-01-12, 15:41 authored by Weidong Cao, Changqing Wang, Weijian Chen, Song Hu, Hua Wang, Lan Yang, Xuan Zhang
Harnessing parity-time (PT) symmetry with balanced gain and loss profiles has created a variety of opportunities in electronics from wireless energy transfer to telemetry sensing and topological defect engineering. However, existing implementations often employ ad-hoc approaches at low operating frequencies and are unable to accommodate large-scale integration. Here, we report a fully integrated realization of PT-symmetry in a standard complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor technology. Our work demonstrates salient PT-symmetry features such as phase transition as well as the ability to manipulate broadband microwave generation and propagation beyond the limitations encountered by exiting schemes. The system shows 2.1 times bandwidth and 30 percentage noise reduction compared to conventional microwave generation in oscillatory mode and displays large non-reciprocal microwave transport from 2.75 to 3.10 gigahertz in non-oscillatory mode due to enhanced nonlinearities. This approach could enrich integrated circuit (IC) design methodology beyond well-established performance limits and enable the use of scalable IC technology to study topological effects in high-dimensional non-Hermitian systems.



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