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Density of photonic states in aperiodic structures

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posted on 2023-02-08, 17:01 authored by Vladislav A. Chistyakov, Mikhail S. Sidorenko, Andrey D. Sayanskiy, Mikhail V. Rybin
Periodicity is usually assumed to be the necessary and sufficient condition for the formation of band gaps, i.e., energy bands with a suppressed density of states. Here, we check this premise by analyzing the band gap properties of three structures that differ in the degree of periodicity and ordering. We consider a photonic crystal, disordered lattice, and ordered but nonperiodic quasicrystalline structure. A real-space metric allows us to compare the degree of periodicity of these different structures. Using this metric, we reveal that the disordered lattice and the ordered quasicrystal can be attributed to the same group of material structures. We examine the density of their photonic states both theoretically and experimentally. The analysis reveals that despite their dramatically different degrees of periodicity, the photonic crystal and the quasicrystalline structure demonstrate an almost similar suppression of the density of states. Our results give new insight into the physical mechanisms resulting in the formation of band gaps.

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