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Detecting Hollow Electron Beams via Smith-Purcell Radiation from a Metasurface

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posted on 2024-05-17, 16:00 authored by D. Yu. Sergeeva, D. V. Karlovets, A. A. Tishchenko
Hollow electron beams are today highly desirable for many applications, but are still challenging in view of their detection. In this Letter, we focus on the unique character of the electromagnetic radiation that relativistic hollow electron beams can produce when traveling above a metasurface. We investigate theoretically the specific features of the radiation in a coherent mode, which provides the highest intensity, and show that the radiation from a hollow beam can be considerably more intense than that from a conventional solid beam. This solves the problem of distinguishing between hollow and solid beams. Moreover, we consider the two-layer internal structure of a hollow beam and reveal that the radiation characteristics are sensitive to the width and population of each layer. This allows detecting the internal structure of hollow beams. Interestingly, we found that the factor describing the annular beam form is a separated multiplier in a conventional form factor, independent of the properties of periodic structure. Thus, we can conclude that our results will stay correct for different profiles of periodic structures and metasurfaces made of metaatoms of different topologies and forms. The results pave the way towards a variety of newly emerging applications based on hollow electron beams, very diverse in topics, such as manipulation of objects at the nano-level, studies of chiral matter, plasma acceleration in donut wakefields and even applications in huge facilities such as LHC for controlling proton beam halos etc.

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