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Diffuse optical tomography by simulated annealing via a spin Hamiltonian
preprintposted on 2023-11-30, 19:22 authored by Yu Jiang, Manabu Machida, Norikazu Todoroki
Diffuse optical tomography (DOT) is an imaging modality which uses near-infrared light. Although iterative numerical schemes are commonly used for its inverse problem, correct solutions are not obtained unless good initial guesses are chosen. We propose a numerical scheme of DOT which works even when good initial guesses of optical parameters are not available. We use simulated annealing (SA) which is a method of the Markov-chain Monte Carlo. To implement SA for DOT, a spin Hamiltonian is introduced in the cost function, and the Metropolis algorithm or single-component Metropolis-Hastings algorithm is used. By numerical experiments, it is shown that an initial random spin configuration is brought to a converged configuration by SA and targets in the medium are reconstructed. The proposed numerical method solves the inverse problem for DOT by finding the ground state of a spin Hamiltonian with SA.