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Direct Determination of Photonic Stopband Topological Character: A Framework based on Dispersion Measurements

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posted on 2023-08-30, 16:00 authored by Nitish Kumar Gupta, Sapireddy Srinivasu, Mukesh Kumar, Anjani Kumar Tiwari, Sudipta Sarkar Pal, Harshawardhan Wanare, S. Anantha Ramakrishna
Ascertainment of photonic stopband absolute topological character requires information regarding the Bloch eigenfunction spatial distribution. Consequently, the experimental investigations predominantly restrict themselves to the bulk-boundary correspondence principle and the ensuing emergence of topological surface state. Although capable of establishing the equivalence or inequivalence of bandgaps, the determination of their absolute topological identity remains out of its purview. The alternate method of reflection phase-based identification also provides only contentious improvements owing to the measurement complexities pertaining to the interferometric setups. To circumvent these limitations, we resort to the Kramers-Kronig amplitude-phase causality considerations and propose an experimentally conducive method for bandgap topological character determination directly from the parametric reflectance measurements. Particularly, it has been demonstrated that in case of one-dimensional photonic crystals, polarization-resolved dispersion measurements suffice in qualitatively determining bandgap absolute topological identities. By invoking the translational invariance of the investigated samples, we also define a parameter Differential Effective Mass that encapsulates bandgap topological identities and engenders an experimentally discernible bandgap classifier.

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