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Direct Observation of the Faraday Rotation Using Radially-Polarized Twisted Light

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posted on 2023-03-11, 17:00 authored by Fatma Tambag, Koray Koksal, Fikret Yildiz, Mohamed Babiker
A novel experimental technique for the realisation of the optical Faraday effect using Laguerre- Gaussian (LG) light is described. The experiment employs a zero-order vortex half-wave retarder to generate a radially or azimuthally-polarised LG doughnut beam. The light emerging from the retarder then passes through a linear polariser, which gives rise to two intensity lobes, with the orientation of the intensity gap between the two lobes pointing parallel (perpendicular) to the polarization direction of the radially (azimuthally) polarised beam. To complete the Faraday set up, the light traverses a material subject to a magnetic field, before passing through a final linear polariser, which results in a visible rotation of the lobes pattern. This technique exhibits the Faraday effect readily visually, without further elaborate steps to detect changes in the light intensity. The degree of rotation of the plane of polarisation is determined directly by the visibly clear change in the orientation of the intensity gap between the lobes.



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