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Direct measurement of the quantum state of photons in a cavity

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posted on 2023-11-30, 17:13 authored by Lupei Qin, Zhong Wang, Cheng Zhang, Xin-Qi Li
We propose a scheme to measure the quantum state of photons in a cavity. The proposal is based on the concept of quantum weak values and applies equally well to both the solid-state circuit and atomic cavity quantum electrodynamics (QED) systems. The proposed scheme allows us to access directly the superposition components in Fock state basis, rather than the Wigner function as usual in phase space. Moreover, the separate access feature held in the direct scheme does not require a global reconstruction for the quantum state, which provides a particular advantage beyond the conventional method of quantum state tomography.

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