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Direct polariton-to-electron tunneling in quantum cascade detectors operating in the strong light-matter coupling regime

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posted on 2023-01-12, 14:14 authored by Mathurin Lagrée, Mathieu Jeannin, Grégory Quinchard, Oussama Ouznali, Axel Evirgen, Virginie Trinité, Raffaele Colombelli, Alexandre Delga
We demonstrate mid-infrared quantum cascade detectors (QCD) operating in the strong light-matter coupling regime. They operate around $\lambda = 10~\mu m$ with a minimum Rabi splitting of 9.3 meV. A simple model based on the usual description of transport in QCDs does not reproduce the polaritonic features in the photo-current spectra. On the contrary, a more refined approach, based on the semi-classical coupled modes theory, is capable to reproduce both optical and electrical spectra with excellent agreement. By correlating absorption/photo-response with the simulations, we demonstrate that - in this system - resonant tunneling from the polaritonic states is the main extraction mechanism. The dark intersubband states are not involved in the process, contrary to what happens in electrically injected polaritonic emitters.

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