Dispersion properties of plasmonic sub-wavelength elliptical wires wrapped with graphene
preprintposted on 2023-01-12, 14:10 authored by Mauro Cuevas, Ricardo A. Depine
One fundamental motivation to know the dispersive, or frequency dependent characteristics of localized surface plasmons (LSPs) supported by elliptical shaped particles wrapped with graphene sheet, as well as their scattering characteristics when these elliptical LSPs are excited, is related with the design of plasmonic structures capable to manipulate light at sub-wavelength scale. The anisotropy imposed by the ellipse eccentricity can be used as a geometrical tool for controlling plasmonic resonances. Unlike metallic case, where the multipolar eigenmodes are independent of each other, we find that the induced current on graphene boundary couples multipolar eigenmodes with the same parity. In the long wavelength limit, a recursive relation equation for LSPs in term of the ellipse eccentricity parameter is derived and explicit solutions at lowest order are presented. In this approximation, we obtain analytical expressions for both the anisotropic polarizability tensor elements and the scattered power when LSPs are excited by plane wave incidence.