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Dynamic multicolour tuning in π-conjugated polymers towards flexible electrochromic displays

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posted on 2024-02-23, 09:10 authored by Biying Zhuang, Meiyu Zhang, Ang Li, Qianqian Zhang, Jingbing Liu, Zilong Zheng, Hao Wang
Multicolour electrochromic materials have been considered as a promising alternative to achieve dynamic full-colour tuning towards next-generation electronic display technology. However, the development of electrochromics with wide color gamut and subtle multicolour tunability still remains challenging due to inflexible energy level structures in intrinsic active materials. Herein, the electrochromic π-conjugated polymers with rich and subtle colour tunability were designed and developed based on a fine adjustment on the energy level structures. The chromatic transition covers almost full-colour gamut, and each colour scheme has a rich variety of categories stemming from versatile hues, chromas and lightnesses. Moreover, the multicolour π-conjugated polymers also demonstrate superior overall electrochromic performance, including fast switching (~1.0 s), high colouration efficiency (160.4 cm2 C-1@550 nm) and good reversibility (over 90 % retention after 10,000 cycles). As a proof of concept, ultrathin and flexible prototype devices are developed by utilizing the multicolour π-conjugated polymers as electrochromic active layer, exhibiting a wide colour gamut and highly saturated multicolour tunability. The design principles proposed in this work may also be applicable to diverse optoelectronic applications.


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National Natural Science Foundation of China (62075002); Beijing Nova Program (Z201100006820112, 20220484234); Natural Science Foundation of Beijing Municipality (2212001)

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