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Dynamical backaction in an ultrahigh-finesse fiber-based microcavity

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posted on 2023-01-12, 13:36 authored by Felix Rochau, Irene Sánchez Arribas, Alexandre Brieussel, Sebastian Stapfner, David Hunger, Eva M. Weig
The use of low-dimensional objects in the field of cavity optomechanics is limited by their low scattering cross section compared to the size of the optical cavity mode. Fiber-based Fabry-P\'{e}rot microcavities can feature tiny mode cross sections and still maintain a high finesse, boosting the light-matter interaction and thus enabling the sensitive detection of the displacement of minute objects. Here we present such an ultrasensitive microcavity setup with the highest finesse reported so far in loaded fiber cavities, $\mathcal{F} = 195\,000$. We are able to position-tune the static optomechanical coupling to a silicon nitride membrane stripe, reaching frequency pull parameters of up to $\mathrm{\lvert G/2\pi\rvert=1}\,\mathrm{GHz\, nm^{-1}}$. We also demonstrate radiation pressure backaction in the regime of an ultrahigh finesse up to $\mathcal{F}=165\,000$.

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