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Effective potential engineering by emergent anisotropy in a tunable open-access microcavity
preprintposted on 2023-10-14, 16:00 authored by Yiming Li, Xiaoxuan Luo, Yaxin Guo, Jiahuan Ren, Teng Long, Bohao Wang, Yin Cai, Chaowei Guo, Yuanbin Qin, Hongbing Fu, Yanpeng Zhang, Feng Yun, Qing Liao, Feng Li
Photonic spin-orbit (SO) coupling is an important physical mechanism leading to numerous interesting phenomena in the systems of microcavity photons and exciton-polaritons. We report the effect of SO coupling in a tunable open-access microcavity embedded with anisotropic active media. The SO coupling associated with the TE-TM splitting results in an emergent anisotropy, which further leads to fine energy splittings allowing clear observation of the full set of eigenstates, in sharp contrast with the isotropic situation which leads to the isotropic eigenstates of spin vortices. We show that the photonic potential can be engineered by playing with the relation between the emergent anisotropy and the cavity ellipticity. All the experimental results are well reproduced by the degenerate perturbation theory. Our results constitute a significant extension to the research field of microcavity spinoptronics, with potential applications in polarization control and optical property measurement of photonic devices and materials.