Optica Open
arXiv.svg (5.58 kB)

Effects of orientational and positional randomness of particles on photonic band gap

Download (5.58 kB)
posted on 2023-02-07, 17:00 authored by Zichen Qin, Tao Liu, Duanduan Wan
A recent work [PRL, 126, 208002 (2021)] has explored how thermal noise-induced randomness in a self-assembled photonic crystal affects photonic band gaps (PBGs). For the system of a two-dimensional photonic crystal composed of a self-assembled array of rods with square cross sections, it was found that its PBGs can exist over an extensive range of packing densities. Counterintuitively, at intermediate packing densities, the transverse magnetic (TM) band gap of the self-assembled system can be larger than that of its corresponding perfect system (rods arranged in a perfect square lattice and having identical orientations). Due to shape anisotropicity, the randomness in the self-assembled system contains two kinds of randomness, i.e., positional and orientational randomness of the particles. In this work, we further investigate how PBGs are influenced solely by positional or orientational randomness. We find that compared to the perfect situation, the introduction of only orientational randomness decreases the transverse electric (TE) band gap while having no obvious effects on the transverse magnetic (TM) band gap. In contrast, the introduction of only positional randomness decreases the TE band gap significantly, while it can widen or narrow the TM band gap, depending on the parameter range. We also discuss the thermal (i.e., self-assembled) system where two kinds of randomness are present. Our study contributes to a better understanding of the role orientational randomness and positional randomness play on PBGs, and may benefit the PBG engineering of photonic crystals through self-assembly approaches.



This arXiv metadata record was not reviewed or approved by, nor does it necessarily express or reflect the policies or opinions of, arXiv.

Usage metrics




    Ref. manager