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Efficient all-optical helicity dependent switching of spins in a Pt/Co/Pt film by a dual-pulse excitation
preprintposted on 2023-11-30, 18:02 authored by Kihiro T. Yamada, Alexey V. Kimel, Kiran Horabail Prabhakara, Sergiu Ruta, Tian Li, Fuyuki Ando, Sergey Semin, Teruo Ono, Andrei Kirilyuk, Theo Rasing
All-optical helicity dependent switching (AO-HDS), deterministic control of magnetization by circularly polarized laser pulses, allows to efficiently manipulate spins without the need of a magnetic field. However, AO-HDS in ferromagnetic metals so far requires many laser pulses for fully switching their magnetic states. Using a combination of a short, 90-fs linearly polarized pulse and a subsequent longer, 3-ps circularly polarized pulse, we demonstrate that the number of pulses for full magnetization reversal can be reduced to 4 pulse pairs in a single stack of Pt/Co/Pt. The obtained results suggest that the dual-pulse approach is a potential route towards realizing efficient AO-HDS in ferromagnetic metals.