Enhanced Meta-Displays Using Advanced Phase-Change Materials
preprintposted on 2023-06-08, 12:47 authored by Omid Hemmatyar, Sajjad Abdollahramezani, Ioannis Zeimpekis, Sergey Lepeshov, Alex Krasnok, Asir Intisar Khan, Kathryn M. Neilson, Christian Teichrib, Tyler Brown, Eric Pop, Daniel W. Hewak, Matthias Wuttig, Andrea Alu, Otto L. Muskens, Ali Adibi
Structural colors generated due to light scattering from static all-dielectric metasurfaces have successfully enabled high-resolution, high-saturation, and wide-gamut color printing applications. Despite recent advances, most demonstrations of these structure-dependent colors lack post-fabrication tunability. This hinders their applicability for front-end dynamic display technologies. Phase-change materials (PCMs), with significant contrast of their optical properties between their amorphous and crystalline states, have demonstrated promising potentials in reconfigurable nanophotonics. Herein, we leverage tunable all-dielectric reflective metasurfaces made of newly emerged classes of low-loss optical PCMs, i.e., antimony trisulphide (Sb$_2$S$_3$) and antimony triselenide (Sb$_2$Se$_3$), with superb characteristics to realize switchable, high-saturation, high-efficiency and high-resolution dynamic meta-pixels. Exploiting polarization-sensitive building blocks, the presented meta-pixel can generate two different colors when illuminated by either one of two orthogonally polarized incident beams. Such degrees of freedom (i.e., material phase and polarization state) enable a single reconfigurable metasurface with fixed geometrical parameters to generate four distinct wide-gamut colors. We experimentally demonstrate, for the first time, an electrically-driven micro-scale display through the integration of phase-change metasurfaces with an on-chip heater formed by transparent conductive oxide. Our experimental findings enable a versatile platform suitable for a wide range of applications, including tunable full-color printing, enhanced dynamic displays, information encryption, and anti-counterfeiting.